USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge

USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge

The USMLE (United States Medical Licensure Examination) is a three-step examination meant to assess the ability of a physician to apply clinical skills and knowledge in the management of a patient in line with the standards of the United States. This exam is required for licensure to practice medicine in the US. It can be taken by graduates in the US or foreign graduates.

While the exam has three steps, this article focuses on the second step only – the USMLE Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge).

The USMLE Step 2 takes nine hours, and it is the multiple-choice part of the USMLE. It assesses your ability to apply clinical knowledge in a clinical scenario. Your ability to combine and use  your medical knowledge, understanding, and skills to provide patient-centered care is in question here. However, note that this exam only tests your theoretical knowledge. It tests your readiness to enter the medical practice as a supervised practitioner and not an autonomous one. Also, it is typically written in the fourth year of medical school, but this exam can help you get the best residency once you graduate, so you must take it seriously.

What Is the Exam Format?

This exam is taken in one day and is divided into eight 1-hour sections and taken under 9 hours. Each section of the examination will not have more than forty questions. Also, the entire questions in the test will not be more than 318. This means that you will have approximately only one hour of break. Nevertheless, the break will be a 45-minute necessary break and an optional 15-minute tutorial. You could choose not to take this tutorial if you went through it before the examination. This will increase your break to 1 hour. Also, if you finish one section before the allotted time, you can take a break in the leftover time. Get very with the test formats by taking our prep course at CanadaQBank.

Suppose you have a physical or health condition and require additional break time; in that case, you should complete the request form and submit it with a letter issued by a qualified healthcare practitioner, stating your medical need. For instance, include lactation and diabetes. These requests should be made prior to the examination.

USMLE Exam Content

The questions for USMLE Step 2 assess your knowledge of patient safety, legal and ethical issues, and professionalism. The exam includes questions set from an outline created by the USMLE. Be sure to read it before you start studying to get an idea of what is expected of you. This outline is structured according to all the organ systems in the human body. The questions are generally taken from 18 categories. The questions that focus on the organs are further divided into normal and abnormal processes.

Nevertheless, you should remember that not all 18 categories will appear in your exam, but that does not mean that you should not read every part. The exam will cover the following aspects of medicine: Obstetrics &Gynecology, Medicine, Surgery, Psychiatry.

Pediatrics, Behavioral Health, Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Blood &Lymph System, Immune System, Gastrointestinal System, General Principles of Foundational Science, Multisystem Process & Disorders, Musculoskeletal System, Nervous System & Special Systems, Respiratory System, Renal & Urinary System, Legal/ Ethical Issues & Professionalism and Cardiovascular System.

The pass mark for USMLE Step 2 is 209. Remember that the higher your score, the better the residency programs you get.

How To Apply for USMLE Step 2

Taking and passing USMLE Step 1 is a prerequisite for Step 2. Step 2 is more significant and more difficult, so do not rush into it. So how then do you go about scheduling your exams?

If you are in the US or Canada. Go to the NBME Licensing website and follow the instructions. If you are in a foreign country, go to the ECFMG portal and sign up through the portal.

Before applying for the exam, you will need to select a particular eligibility period that you want to write your exam. You do this by visiting the Prometric Website to schedule a test date. Once you complete your registration, a scheduling permit will be sent to you. This usually takes about three weeks.

If you have any problems because of a disability, the NBME provides some simple steps to follow such as filling out a form and emailing it to them.

Furthermore, while the exam may not be easy, they make it simple to reschedule. If you realize that you need extra prep time more than 31 days before your exam date, you can reschedule free of charge as long as you are rescheduling within your three-month eligibility period.

You can still reschedule within less than a month before the exam date, so there is no need to stress. But there will be fees accordingly. If you missed the exam within your eligibility period, you would still be able to reschedule. You will have to contact the USMLE to inquire about a one-time eligibility period extension which requires another fee. The cost of the exam is currently $645.

If you still do not take the examination within your original or extended eligibility period after all these processes, you will reapply by submitting a new application. This means you will start from the first step and pay new fees. The former payment you made will be rendered void as they are non-refundable and non-transferable.

You can take the USMLE Step 2 CK in test centers worldwide in Australia, Africa, and Asia.

Preparing for Your Exam

While preparing for your USMLE, Part 2, remember that CanadaQBank is here for you. The USMLE exam is no joke, and here at CanadaQBank, we make sure we give you enough preparation.

We have 3,989 of the best MCQ question for you to choose from. The MCQ covers several areas to be tested on. The tests can be timed and untimed and have a detailed analysis of the tests taken. It is also accessible anywhere in the world. Thus, you could take the tests from the comfort of your room.

You can click here to check out our affordable rates that go from $95 per month to $335 for a year’s worth of access.


MCCQE Part 2

MCCQE Examination

The MCCQE (Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination) evaluates doctors trained outside of Canada that would like to practice in the country. The MCC (Medical Council of Canada) uses this exam to check their level of clinical competence, knowledge, and judgment in actual clinical scenarios. It also checks how they apply this knowledge in patient-centered care.

MCCQE is divided into two parts – MCCQE part 1 and MCCQE part 2. However, in this article, we’ll focus on MCCQE part 2, which, unlike MCCQE part 1, isn’t computer-based. It usually is taken after you pass the MCCQE 1. The last step to becoming a licensed practitioner is the MCCQE 2.

In MCCQE 2, you will be assessed by the examiner based on your actions in simulated clinical situations. They will check your knowledge, composure, and clinical judgment in the various relevant fields.

Scheduling and Application Process

MCCQE Part 2 exam occurs twice a year, in May and October. To write this exam, you must fulfill the following requirements:


  • You must have passed the MCCQE Part I
  • For foreigners, your medical degree must have been verified by the Canadian authorities.
  • For Canadian graduates, your confirmation of graduation will be received directly from the Canadian faculties of medicine.
  • You must have finished 12 months of postgraduate clinical medical training (PGT) or osteopathic postgraduate training. This should have been completed –
    • On or before June 30 for the May exam of the same calendar year
    • On or before December 31 for the October exam of the same calendar year

The requirements above imply that you must have finished your residential training before taking the exam, unlike MCCQE 1, which is done before the training.

Applying for MCCQE Part 2

If you meet all the requirements above, the next thing to do is start applying. Add your name to a pre-application list through your account.

After this, you are invited to write the exam. The email sent to you tells you to choose three test centers. This is done in order of preference. The MCC will try as much as possible to assign you to your preferred test center. Hence, choose the most convenient centers for you.

Before the examination day, you will get an Entrance card,  Candidate Confidentiality Agreement, and Code of Conduct form through an Exam Package in your account. Print the entrance card, complete the forms, and take them. Submit the forms in the exam hall.

You will be provided with two things when you get to the exam hall.

  • Candidate Notebook
  • Candidate Identifications Number

The notebook is used to jot all the important information about the station, like the patient, the problem presented, and perhaps your evaluation or thoughts on the situation. The Candidate ID will be used for identification and must be worn at all times during the exam.

What is the Exam Format?

The exam has an OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Examination) format in each station. The examiner evaluates the following:

  • how you take the history.
  • How much do you know about the physical examination?
  • How do you use previous knowledge to manage a patient?
  • How do you counsel a patient or family?
  • How do you answer oral questions?
  • Your interaction with physicians, and
  • your knowledge of charts and test results.

Your composure and confidence will also be evaluated. When you are done with the station, you are expected to wait till you are instructed to leave.

The ID badge given to you at the beginning will indicate your first station. If your first station is #6, continue tostations#7, #8, #9, etc.

OSCE Stations

You will be presented with up to 10 clinical scenarios in the stations. You will have to complete 12 stations. However, 2 of these are wait stations that do not contribute to your final score.

There are two categories of stations in the MCCQE Part 2

  • 14-minute stations
  • 6-minute paired stations.


14- minute station

There are eight 14-minute stations. Seven of which will count towards your final score. The 8th station is a wait station. These stations will consist of encounters with “standardized participants” such as physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. You will be evaluated and scored in almost all stations based on your interaction with the standardized participants.

Before you enter 7 of the stations, you will be allowed to read the instructions for 2 minutes. After two minutes, a signal will be given, and you enter the room. You will have 14 minutes inside the room—a warning signal at the 13-minute mark. After the final signal, you must leave the room and go to the next station based on your ID number.


6-minute paired stations

There are four stations under this, one of which is a wait station that will not count towards your final score. The first component of this part is the encounter component. In this, you will meet standardized participants and be scored based on your interaction with them. The examiner will be a physician or a highly trained non-physician.

The other component of these stations is the non-encounter component.  It consists of a reading task or responding to one or more extended match questions. You may be asked to answer comprehensive match questions. Read the questions carefully before you answer. Do not fill in more than required in the question and wait until the official start signal before writing on the sheet. If you fail to do all these, the examiners will assume that you do not follow regulations. This will affect your score.

You will be given two minutes to read the instructions posted by the door before the encounter and non-encounter components. After two minutes, the signal will sound for you to enter the room. You will have six minutes in the room. A warning signal will ring at the five-minute mark, and a final signal will sound at the end of the station. After the last signal, you must leave the room and go to the next station. You will have two minutes to get to the next station and read its instructions. Pay attention to the verbs in the task – these will indicate what kind of actions you will need to perform in that station.

How Is MCCQE 2 Scored?

The MCC forms a committee that sets the baseline for passing the MCCQE 2. When the committee decides, they send their recommendations to the Central Examination Committee, which reviews it, after which the pass mark is agreed upon.

MCC will not show you your score. You will get an email indicating that you passed or failed.

Preparing for Your MCCQE Part 2

CanadaQBank has excellent preparatory material with some of the very best, classic, simulated MCCQE Part 2 cases. It also has 6-minute paired station prep cases and 14-minute encounter station prep cases. All answers contain a detailed explanation of all questions. There is 24/7 availability, and this package had a bonus USMLE Step 2 CS cases included.

Our plan also covers Medicine, Paediatrics, OBGYN, Surgery, Psychiatry, and Preventive Medicine.

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10 Steps to Becoming a Doctor in the United States

The United States for a while has been suffering from a shortage of doctors as it is estimated that in 13-15 years the USA will have a shortage of doctors. So if you are a medical graduate outside the US you can consider helping them bridge the gap in the number of doctors and since you are here it means you are giving it quite some thought. Nevertheless, it would be wrong if we at CanadaQBank did not tell you the truth about the process and about how long and convoluted the process is. You should also know that it takes about 10-11 years for the entire process to be done.

Still, it is not all bad because medicine in the US can be financially rewarding depending on your definition of what financially rewarding is. It is also always in demand so you will most likely not be stuck in the job market without a job. If you decide to take that leap, here are 10 steps to help you become a full-blown doctor.

1. Get your bachelor’s degree and finish your undergraduate studies.

This is the first step that you have to complete because you cannot go to medical school without having an undergraduate qualification. You should know that there are no specific degrees you should have before you can be accepted. However, the US College Board has stated pre-medicine, exercise, and biology as majors that could potentially help you get it better.

Also, you should note that the application is not just about academic qualification as there are a lot of other things taken into consideration like experience and attributes. So, you should make sure you have a strong application from every angle.

2. Passing the MCAT

To become a doctor in the US, there are many exams that you have to pass and the MCAT is one of them. It stands for Medical College Admission Test and it is a very rigorous examination that requires serious prep time. The exam takes 7 and a half hours to complete.

The best thing to do for this exam is to choose a date that best suits you, take prep courses and be disciplined. You can take the exam 3 times a year if you fall short.

Practicing for this exam with CanadaQBank can help you pass. So take advantage of our resources.

3. Apply for medical school

When you pass your MCAT it is time for you to start applying to your medical school of choice but do not be pressured to do it as quickly as possible as there is no specific timeline to these applications. You can start applying in your junior year of college or after you are done with your undergrad studies.

Choosing the right school is also an important thing because that school will be your home for at least 4 years. You could consider speaking to students of your prospective school to get real-life experiences that will inform your choice. You should also consider your support system as medical school is very stressful. So, you have to go through the school’s requirements to know what they offer and what they do not.

4. Finish med school

This goes without saying because you will not be able to be a doctor without first finishing your med school studies. It is a long road full of countless clinical rotations, lectures, tests, and a whole lot more so be prepared.

Be sure you have a good support system because this part is one of the most strenuous. Remember to have fun no matter what.

5. Apply for the USMLE Part 1 and Part 2

The USMLE is an important exam that medical students have to pass before they can practice medicine in the US. Step 1 of the exam must be passed before they reach the third year of medical school and Step 2 must be passed before the fourth year of medical school.

CanadaQBank can help you prepare for this exam with over 3,000 multiple choice questions to help you prepare with detailed explanations.

6. Send your residency application

Here you have to make a choice to know what specialty you want to pursue. To do this, you have to know what part of medicine interests you, what the pay is like and if the pay and work lifestyle align with the type of life you want to live. After you have carefully considered all you want, the next thing to do is to apply for any residency program that you want.

7. Graduate from medical school

Before you can get into your residency program, you have to graduate from medical school and then start yet another training.

At this stage, you should know that you are very close to the end even though you will have at least 3 years to do your residency training to learn more about your specialty of choice. Note that this could be longer depending on your specialty and where you do the residency training.

8. Apply and Pass the USMLE Stage 3

You will have to pass step 3 of the USMLE by our third year of residency to be able to be certified by the board and get your state license.

9. Board certification and state license

For your board certification, you will have completed your residency training before you can get it. This certification is voluntary but most employers will need it to validate your expertise in your specialty. You will write a board exam and pay an average of $2000 to get it and note that each specialty has its requirements.

For your state license, any state you want to practice medicine in must issue you a special license before you can work there. You will have to have passed all three parts of the USMLE and have successfully passed through all the steps above. Furthermore, you should expect your license at most 60 days from your application date.

10. Find a job

The final step is to find a job and luckily for you, that will not be hard at all. There are a lot of opportunities to choose from. Where you did your residency program may retain you or even recruiters may scout you,

Congrats on getting to this part of this article and as you can see becoming a doctor is not for the faint of heart. However, we at CanadaQBank are here to make that journey easier by helping you pass all your exams with ease.

What is the PEBC Exam?


Before we get into the details of what the PEBC exam entails, we have to give a little history of PEBC itself. PEBC stands for Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada and was created in 1963 to license all pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Canada. The PEBC also ensures that entry-level pharmacy professionals have the proper professional ability to practice safely within their scope. The board acts on behalf of all the provinces in Canada except Quebec. Quebec conducts its assessment and licensing process differently.

The PEBC exam assesses the competence, knowledge, and skills of persons who want to be licensed as a pharmacist or pharmacist technician in Canada (except Quebec). The people who will write this exam are generally classified into three groups. These groups are Canadian Graduates, American Graduates, and Overseas Graduates. Each group has its specific requirements and will be discussed individually.

Furthermore, the PEBC exam is divided into two parts –

  • Part I (MCQ section)
  • Part II (OSCE section)


Overseas Graduates/International Students

For international students, there are specific steps you need to complete

  • Document Evaluation – You will have to submit your foreign pharmacy education credentials to be able to take the Pharmacy Evaluation Examination. PEBC will determine if your credentials are equivalent to the Canadian ones. Only after this is done will you be able to take the Pharmacy Evaluating Examination. If it is not comparable, you will have to enroll in a pharmacy school in Canada for four years.
  • Pharmacy Evaluating Examination – This exam tests your knowledge of pharmacy as relevant to the Canadian pharmacy curriculum. To pass the exam, you will have to get 60. You have four attempts only to pass this exam.

After this examination has been completed, you will be able to go on with the PEBC certification. Note that you may not need to do a language proficiency test as an international student before you write the PEBC exam. However, certain provinces in Canada do require it.

United States of America Graduates

If you are a recognized and licensed pharmacist in the US and graduated from a program approved by the Canadian Council for Accreditation of Pharmacy Programs (CCAPP) or the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), you are eligible to take the Pharmacy Evaluation Examination.

Canada Graduates

  • You must have completed a four-year undergraduate pharmacy degree in Canada and possess a certificate as evidence of graduation.
  • Successful completion of pharmacy evaluation examination to test your entry-level proficiency

One should note that even after all these requirements are met, the PEBC exam and certification do not automatically make one a legal pharmacist in Canada. The specific provinces also have their requirements for this.


Where Can the PEBC exam be taken?

The PEBC exam can be taken in several locations in Canada. Places such as Victoria, Calgary, Edmonton, Regna, Winnipeg, London, Hamilton, Toronto (North York and Downtown), Mississauga, Ottawa, Halifax, Whitby, Montreal, Vancouver, Saskatoon, and St. Johns.

International Locations the exam can be taken include Egypt (Alexandria, Cairo), India (Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai), Palestine (Ramallah), Jordan (Amman), Kenya (Nairobi), Kuwait (Kuwait), Lebanon (Beirut), Nigeria (Lagos), Oman (Muscat), Pakistan (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore), Philippines (Cebu City), Qatar (Doha), Saudi Arabia (Jeddah, Riyadh), South Africa (Durban, Johannesburg), South Korea (Seoul), Turkey (Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir), Uganda (Kampala), United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai), United Kingdom (London), and the various Unites States cities.

You can also do Remote Proctoring. This means that you will be able to take the test remotely without going to test centers. This is an effect of the global pandemic and the fact that there are limited centers for this exam.

What Does the PEBC Exam Entail

The PEBC exam is split into two parts.

Part I

This part is an MCQ examination written in one day. It is meant to check your understanding, application of knowledge, and ability to combine these two to solve problems and make judgments in pharmacy practice. The exam is divided into two half-day sections. Each section has 150 questions to be answered in 225 minutes. Therefore, you will have just 90 seconds to answer each question. Thus, you will have to be very fast and accurate to pass this section. CanadaQBank helps prepare you for these exam conditions.

Part II

Part II is done on a different day. It is an OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Examination) with various stations that simulate real-life practical scenarios. These stations will represent a part of the pharmacy you are meant to be conversant with. In each station, you will interact with a “Simulated Patient,” “Simulated Client,” or “Simulated Health Practitioner.”


In this exam, there are certain things that you may have to do, such as identifying a patient’s drug therapy issue, gathering and interpreting the clinical history, working without health practitioners, and effectively communicating with the patient, caregiver, and other health workers.

 How to Schedule Your Exam

If it is your first time applying for the exam, create an account on the PEBC portal. After making the account, you must do an ID and education verification.  You will then have to submit all the necessary documents online and wait for the approval. Approvals could take up to 6 weeks.  Once you have been verified and approved, the Part I and Part II applications will appear on your portal. You will then choose what part of the exam you want to write.

Two weeks to your Part I exam, you will receive an email to schedule your exam with Prometric. For Part II, this usually is three weeks before the exam.


International students will pay CAD 665 for documents evaluation and CAD 850 to take the evaluation exam in Canada.

After this is done, they will have to pay CAD 795 and CAD 1795 for PEBC Part I and Part II, respectively. This amount is the same for everyone who writes the PEBC in Canada.

Preparing for your exam

For an exam like the PEBC exam, it is best to prepare at least six months beforehand. There are a wealth of resources at your disposal that you can use. CanadaQBank helps streamline all these with questions bank. We have over 1500 multiple questions with explanations to use anytime you want.

You could also take timed tests that simulate exam conditions for you. These services are accessible from anywhere globally and not just in Canada.

Our subscription prices range from $95 per month to a discounted $395 per year.

The subjects covered include Respiratory Medicine, Toxicology, Cardiology, Pharmacology, Endocrinology Ophthalmology, Nephrology, Ear, Nose, and Throat, Neurology, Infectious, and lots more.

So, let us help you start your pharmacy journey now. Click here

What is the SMLE Exam?

The SMLE Exam (Saudi Medical Licensing Exam) is necessary for doctors that want to legally practice medicine in Saudi Arabia, either as a specialist or general practitioner. Also, this exam is vital if one wants to do a health-related post-graduate degree in Saudi Arabia. This exam can be taken in Saudi Arabia or several other countries. If you take the exam in Saudi, you will need the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties to give you an eligibility number (SCFHS Exam). However, if the exam is taken outside Saudi, you will not need additional requirements. The SMLE exam is different for general practitioners and the various medical specialties.

The SMLE is not a difficult exam to pass, provided you put in the work. However, it is important to aim for a high score because the higher you get, the higher your chance of getting a better job.

CanadaQBank is here to walk you through the registration process, application requirements, and how to excel in the exam

Requirements To Apply for the SMLE Exam

  • Firstly, before you apply, you must either already have an MBBS/MD degree from a recognized institution, be at most one year away from graduation, or be starting an internship.
  • You also need at least one year of experience post house job before you can write the exam.
  • An original degree certificate.
  • Certificate of registration issued by the Saudi authority.
  • Transcript of your qualification.
  • An Iqama copy if you are staying inside Saudi Arabia. This is to prove that you are either legally employed or attached to one who is.
  • A current sponsor identification letter. This is used if you are dependent in Saudi, under an employer, or came on a visa.

How To Schedule and Write The exam

The steps for applying for the exam are as follows:

1. Submit all your necessary documents to DataFlow Group for verification. This website is the verification partner for the Saudi Commission. You will have to submit your original degree certificate, complete work experience, and other relevant documents. After this, you will receive an issue verification report. This entire process will take around 2 to 8 weeks. Other requirements include a letter of employment from your past employer (this is necessary for specialties), educational credentials, completed SCFHC form, Resume, Iqama Passport, and application fee.

2. After this is complete, you will have to create an account in Mumaris Plus. This website is the unified portal for health practitioners in Saudi. Here, you can update your personal data and apply for an eligibility number, classification, and registration services. After creating your account on the portal, you will have to upload your document again—documents such as your transcript, original degree certificate, and Iqama copy. You will pay 1,100 riyals to complete your application at this stage and move further.

Once payment is complete, they will issue you an eligibility numberin an email to write the exam. Visit the Prometric website to schedule your exam date using this eligibility number.

3. Go to the Prometric website and choose the SMLE exam. Type in your eligibility number and the first four letters of your surname. Then schedule your date. The fee for this will be 280 dollars.

Note that you have three attempts to write this exam per year for those writing the exam outside Saudi. For those writing it in Saudi, it is three times in 6 months.

It is advised to complete your visa before applying for this examination.

What does the SMLE Exam Entail

This exam consists of 300 multiple choice questions that include up to 20 pilot

questions. These pilot questions are generally not scored. The SMLE exam is a six-hour examination with scheduled breaks. It is divided into three sections of 100 questions, each with a time allocation of 120 minutes for each part. These MCQs have four options from which the candidate will choose the best answer. If you are doing SMLE for General Practice, the MCQs will have questions from internal medicine, ophthalmology, gynecology & obstetrics, surgery, statistics, pediatrics, and psychiatry.

There are two scheduled breaks between sections 1 and 2 and sections 2 and 3. The total time for breaks is 45 minutes. However, you can divide these breaks based on your preference.

The examination contains questions that test your knowledge of medical facts and questions with scenarios that test other skills like analysis, interpretation, problem solving, decision-making, and reasoning.

During the exam, you will be continuously monitored by video, physical walk-throughs, and the observation window during your test. You must have a valid and acceptable ID (Saudi ID, Resident ID, or Passport). Your exam schedule is printed out at the examination hall and presented at the registration desk.

Also, any clothing or jewelry items allowed to be worn in the test room must remain on your person at all times. Removed clothing or jewelry items must be stored in your locker. You must arrive 30 minutes after the scheduled time; if not, you will not be allowed to enter the test centers, and the session will be considered a “No Show”. Then, you will then have to reschedule. Furthermore, you cannot leave the examination hall before thirty minutes have elapsed.

Preparing for your exam

Preparing for your examination is the most important part of passing. You have to make sure you have covered as much as you can. We at CanadaQBank are here for you. We have 4488 of the best simulated MCQs covering different SMLE topics.

Our answers all have detailed explanations to help you understand better. These tests give you the feel of exam situations because you can choose the timed mode. You can also select the specific categories you want to be assessed in; you can tailor your reading.

Another fun thing about our service is that you can compare your performance with others and get continuous updates. Our prices include:

  • $95 per month
  • $135 for two months
  • $175 for three months
  • $250 for six months
  • $335 for nine months
  • $395 for 12 months

To start your Saudi Arabia medical journey and be equipped with all the right tools for success, click here.

What is the PLAB exam all about?

If you studied outside the United Kingdom or European Economic Area (EEA) and are looking for a way to practice medicine in the United Kingdom, this article is for you. We are here to give you all the details about PLAB, what it is, what it entails, and the requirements.


Firstly, PLAB stands for Professional and Linguistic Assessment Board. PLAB ensures that you have at least the same level of knowledge and ability as a UK doctor in their second-year foundational program. This exam is for anyone who did not get their medical degree in the UK, EEA, or Switzerland. You will have to pass the exam before you can practice medicine in the UK, regardless of whether you are a UK citizen or not. However, if you have a postgraduate degree that the General Medical Council approved, you can be exempted from the PLABs.


Requirements for the exam

So, now that you have a general overview of what the PLAB entails, it is essential to know the requirements that candidates will need before writing the exams.

  1. A medical qualification/degree from your country
  2. An IELTS (International English Language Testing System) score of at least 7.5 or grade B in the OET (Occupational English Test). The test is to check your level of understanding of English.

Where Can the Exam Be Taken

You can take the PLAB in many locations overseas and in the United Kingdom. These locations include Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa, Sudan, Australia, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates, Canada, and Egypt.

What Does the PLAB Exam Entail? 

The exam has two parts – PLAB 1 and PLAB 2. Both facets of the exam are not just dependent on your ability to remember medical facts; instead, the questions will come from your understanding of the current UK medical practice.

Part 1

This part of the test contains 180 multiple-choice questions. These questions will focus on the current best practices in the UK regarding their provision of service and available equipment in the hospitals. The questions will also cover all the cases that a second-year medical trainee of the Foundational Program should know and have experienced. You will be given one mark for any answer you get correctly and zero for each incorrect one. There is no fixed pass mark, but it is usually from 120-126 and varies year to year.


One of the best ways to make sure that you ace this part is to go through the NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) guidelines. These guidelines give you the best possible evidence-based recommendation for health care in England. Thus, it would be best if you had them at your fingertips.

You can take this part of the exam in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, Bangladesh, Egypt, and Sri Lanka.

Part 2

This part is a three-hour test divided into at least ten stations, and each of these stations carries simulated patients and scenarios. You would be expected to apply your real-life knowledge of care and clinical judgments in these stations. It is an objective structured examination used to access clinical skills, such as communication, evaluation, and interpretation of results. All the stations will be at least 8 minutes long, and just like part 1, the test will be structured at the level of a second-year medical trainee in the Foundational Programme. You have to make sure that you pass at least ten stations to complete this part successfully.


It is essential to note that unlike Part 1, which can be done in several countries, Part 2 can only be done in Manchester, United Kingdom.


How to Schedule Your Exam

Before you can book a PLAB exam, you must have a relevant overseas medical qualification. Also, you should have an IELTS score of at least 7.5 or a grade B for the OET (this can be done in the My Tests sections of your GMC (General Medical Council) online account).


To schedule your exam, you must have a  GMC account. When you get it, go to your GMC account and check all the available dates to write the exam to book a date. Booking Part 1 costs £240. After booking, you will get a verification email. Exam dates and venues are in high demand and limited, so be sure to follow instructions carefully to avoid anything falling through the tracks.


If you are outside the UK, there are several oversea locations where you can write Part 1 of PLAB, such as Egypt, Nigeria, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, Sri Lanka, Canada, Sudan, Ghana, UAE, Nigeria, and South Africa. After you have booked online, contact the British Council in the area that you choose to receive more details about the venue.


After you have passed PLAB 1, you will be eligible for PLAB 2, held in Manchester in the UK. Just like Part 1, you will have to book online, and then you will receive a confirmation that shows you the exact place you will be accessed.


Note that the cost of both parts of the test is around £1114.


Preparing For the PLAB

It is advisable to prepare for about 4-8 months before the date you are scheduled to write the exam. This is where CanadaQBank question bank for the PLAB 1 comes in.


The CanadaQBank has over 3400 of some of the best MCQs you would need to prepare for the exam. Each of these MCQs would cover a different part of a Part 1 topic from the tested areas and provide detailed explanations for each of the topics. What is best about this is that it is accessible 24/7. The subjects covered range from Anesthesia, Emergency Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Dermatology, Oncology, General Surgery, Infectious Disease, and a host of others.


It is an efficient and affordable way to practice the questions easily under simulated exam conditions. There are different subscription prices tailored to whatever your need is. The prices are:

  • $95 – 1 month
  • $135 – 2 months
  • $ 175 – 3 months
  • $250 – 6 months
  • $335 – 9 months
  • $395 – 12 months


Do not be left behind; take advantage of the services of CanadaQBank.

MCCQE 1 Exam – 5 Tips for Preparation

The MCCQE (Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination) is an exam that assesses doctors trained outside of Canada but would like to practice in the country.

The MCC (Medical Council of Canada) uses this exam to check their level of clinical competence, knowledge, and judgment in actual clinical scenarios. The MCCQE has two parts- MCCQE 1 and MCCQE 2. However, we will only focus on MCCQE 1 in this article.

The MCCQE 1 has two sections: the MCQ and the CDM sections. The MCQ section has 210 questions and takes about 4 hours, after which there is a scheduled break for 45 minutes before the CDM section starts.

The CDM section is short for Clinical Decision Making.  It takes three and a half hours and comprises 38 cases with 1-4 questions each and specific instructions for each case. The passing score for the MCCQE 1 is 226.

Now that we have a general overview of the exam, what are the best tips and practices for MCCQE 1?

The MCCQE 1 is more than a test of factual knowledge. You must understand the intricacies of the test itself and be equipped with the right evidence-based clinical practices to ace this exam. Here are five tips to help you prepare for the exam very well.

1. Use proper resources

Using the right resources to prepare for the exams could potentially be what could push you over the finish line. Thus, to prepare for the MCCQE 1 exam make sure you use a board review book that works for you. These board review books help summarize the key concepts and objectives of the MCC to provide an efficient and easy way to digest all that you are required to know to pass your exam. You could then augment these board review books with textbooks to get more information. Remember to avoid using only textbooks as this could cause an overload of information making you lose what you need.

Furthermore, in choosing board review books always make sure to use one that works well for you. It would be foolhardy to use a book just because it is the best-reviewed on the internet. Thus, it is important to check the teaching style of each one, and you can do this by asking people who wrote the exams which ones they used.

2. Focus on those MCC objectives that you are not familiar with.

The MCCQE1 exam is based on the MCC guidelines. These guidelines are divided into different objectives, and some objectives may be harder to understand than others. So, it would be best to focus more on those objectives that are harder for you. This is to make sure you are not lacking in any area.

One of the ways to do this is to make sure you study them as often as you can because repetition enhances your memory. To ace this exam, you have to be as diligent and consistent as possible, so everything you need to know is just there, right at your fingertips.

3. Know the critical thresholds for the MCCQE 1

Many of the questions you will come across will be based on choosing the best possible answer for a treatment based on a given critical threshold value, e.g., ‘Mr. X has an apparent limb length discrepancy of Y cm; what could be the possible cause based on the history taken?’. To answer such questions, you will have to have the critical threshold value at your fingertips to choose the best possible action.

In many scenarios, you will be asked to choose the best patient management practices or routines based on the critical threshold values. If you have a good grasp of all these values, these questions will be a breeze.

These critical threshold values can sometimes slip your mind, so you should review them repeatedly to get familiar with them.

CanadaQBank can help you prepare with our simulated MCQ that mimics the exam situation.

4. Make Summary Notes

It is not just enough to read and understand. You should also make your study sessions as active as you can. You can do this by making summary notes of important points as you study to engage your mind. You do this to keep remembering the key points and digest information in such a way that you understand. The important thing is to make the information your own and not just read it repeatedly. When you do this, you attach a memory or an emotion to the information you process.

5. Use images to learn

Medicine is a visual and practical science, so media such as diagrams and graphics cannot be overemphasized. During the exam, you will see several clinical images and radiographs and will have to answer questions based on them. The MCC understands how central the use of visuals is for diagnosis and patient-centered management.

On CanadaQBank, there are many images to bring these clinical scenarios to life and help you prepare for the MCQ and CDM questions. We will also give you enough detailed information on these images so that when you are writing the exam, you will be able to answer any question with diagrams easily.

So, let’s run through all our tips

  • Use proper resources
  • Emphasize objectives you are not familiar with
  • Have the critical thresholds values on your fingertips
  • Make summaries of notes
  • Use images to learn

Do you need help with your preparation? Visit our website on CanadaQBank for more information and tips on accessing our question bank.

Overview of USMLE Step 1

Overview of USMLE Step 1

Becoming a doctor in the United States is no small feat, there are a number of exams you have to pass like the MCATs and USMLE before you can practice medicine legally there. The process to write the USMLE is a little complex but that is why we are here to break it down for you. The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) is a three-step examination for medical licensure in the U.S. meant to assess a physician’s ability to apply knowledge, concepts, and principles and demonstrate fundamental patient-centered skills.

It is usually done by med students as well as graduates from foreign and local universities who wish to exercise their medical skills in the United States of America.

Step 1- Basics

The USMLE Step 1 exam is the first element of the USMLE. This exam is meant to assess the basic science knowledge of the student and requires the students to apply these basic science principles in clinical medical practice. Step 1 consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), that you will have to answer. These MCQs were created by USMLE committees that have recognized prominence in their respective fields.

However, the majority of questions require the examinee to interpret graphic and tabular material to identify gross and microscopic pathologic and normal specimens. These examinees also have to solve problems through the application of basic science principles.

Application Process

Before applying to ECFMG (Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates) for examination, international medical students/graduates must obtain a USMLE/ECFMG Identification Number via ECFMG’s online services (an Application for ECFMG Certification), including the notarized Certification of Identification Form (Form 186).

Furthermore, applicants are advised to read the detailed instructions for the application before they begin working on it. This is because these instructions contain information on how to complete Form 186 using NotaryCam. They also include resources that will help you plan the timing of your application and outline any necessary items (such as official signatures). Also, it is essential to note that the application for ECFMG Certification will not be considered complete until ECFMG receives and processes both the online part of the application and the notarized Form 186 from NotaryCam.

You can apply for USMLE Step 1 via ECFMG’s online services. To do this you should read the USMLE Bulletin of Information and submit an application through your registration entity; as there are different procedures to account for both foreign and differently-abled students. When applying for the examination, you must select an eligibility period during which you wish to test, and then a scheduling permit with your eligibility period will be issued via email. After obtaining the scheduling permit, you may visit the Prometric website to schedule a test date.

Prometric’s test centers are grouped into defined testing regions, and you can take the exam at any test center in your testing region that offers USMLE, provided there is space available on the date you choose. Note the test centers available for USMLE Step 1 are subject to change. Scheduling may not be available more than six months in advance. You are permitted to reschedule within your eligibility period though you will pay a fee if you make a change during the 30 calendar days before your scheduled appointment.

Examinees should also keep in mind deadlines imposed by the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) and graduate medical education (GME) programs as it is solely your responsibility to complete the required exams in time to meet deadlines imposed by the NRMP and/or GME programs. Since the number of applicants seeking to complete these exams may exceed the spaces available in time to meet those deadlines, there is no guarantee that sufficient spaces will be available for all applicants to meet deadlines imposed, so


Application for ECFMG Certification: $160

Step 1: $975 + $180 (Surcharge fee for writing outside the U.S.)

The total number of attempts allowed per Step is four (4). If you have attempted a Step four or more times, including incomplete attempts, and have not passed, you are ineligible to apply for any Step in the USMLE exam sequence.

Benefits of CanadaQBank

The USMLE Step 1 exams are not easy. Practicing with CanadaQBank allows examinees to test and develop themselves against the main exam. The question banks familiarize you with the different systems of questioning, and you will see an increase in the speed and reasoning with which questions are answered. You will be compelled to tailor your study plan to its optimum state; a good study plan will help you perfect your skills and increase your knowledge about the field. Handling such an exam will be less of a burden.

CanadaQBank contains 3016 classic simulated USMLE Step 1 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), with each MCQ covering a different USMLE Step 1 topic from the subject areas tested.

It offers three different modes that allow examinees to take tests in timed, un-timed, and tutor modes. Answers and detailed explanations for all questions are provided to allow you to review your selections and know where you erred.

CanadaQBank offers examinees the ability to generate tests by subject category or any combination of categories and to choose how many questions you want to take in each block,

Review detailed analysis of previous USMLE Step 1 tests taken, compare your scores with other users, review performance breakdown from an overview to overall cumulative performance.

CanadaQbank receives continuous updates to the questions and explanations. So therefore it is revised with feedback from the most recent exams and has an upgraded MCQ interface for accurate simulation with normal lab values. Furthermore, it can be accessed 24/7 from anywhere in the world.

Subjects Covered

Anatomy, Biochemistry, Embryology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Ethics, Genetics, Histology/Molecular Biology, Microbiology & Immunology, Neuroscience, Pathology & Pathophysiology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychology

CanadaQbank is an efficient and affordable way to practice the questions with ease under simulated exam conditions. There are different subscription prices tailored to whatever your need is. The prices are:

  • $95 – 1 month
  • $135 – 2 months
  • $ 175 – 3 months
  • $250 – 6 months
  • $335 – 9 months
  • $395 – 12 months

Struggling to Afford Extra Math Classes for Middle and High Scholars? How CanadaMath Can Help

math tutoring

As another school year starts for thousands of students, several parents will be faced with the possibility that their children could require additional help with math at some point – which can become quite costly if dedicated tutors are needed. However, additional help with middle and high school math can be found online on the CanadaMath YouTube channel.

Why Strong Math Skills are Vital

Students who excel in math during their middle and high school years will stand a far higher chance of being accepted into colleges or universities of their choice when the time comes to send those applications off. In addition, a number of additional opportunities will be available for these students to enter advanced career fields such as:

  • Several different medical fields
  • Accounting, banking and other financial fields
  • Computer programming and other IT fields
  • Various engineering disciplines
  • Performing laboratory work
  • Teaching
  • Working as an analyst or statistician
  • Various trade disciplines such as plumbers, electricians, HVAC technicians and even diesel mechanics

Free Assistance with Math

One of the main benefits that middle and high school students will get from the CanadaMath YouTube channel is that no subscription is required to access any of the available content. Parents can rest assured that they will not have to worry about having to pay for their children to access the valuable video content on this channel – which will help free up their finances for other essentials.

Self-paced Learning

Each student learns at his or her own pace, making it difficult for some of them to fully grasp the various concepts that they are being taught in the classroom. However, when spending time on the CanadaMath channel, students will have the option to watch and re-watch a specific video as many times as they like – allowing them to spend as much time as they need mastering a particular math problem.

Readily Available Playlists

Another advantage students will enjoy when using CanadaMath is that they can access readymade playlists of videos pertaining to specific topics such as:

  • Angles
  • Area
  • Averages
  • Circles
  • Cones
  • Geometry
  • Factoring
  • Graphs
  • Prime Numbers
  • Probability
  • Several other topics are also covered in dedicated playlists

Learn at Any Time

Although many students prefer to study in the afternoons after school, others find that they can get through more material later in the evenings after the rest of the family has gone to bed. All content on the CanadaMath YouTube channel is available 24/7, meaning that students can access it at any time that’s most convenient for them.

Students who simply want to sharpen their math skills in their spare time will be able to do so by accessing the videos that have been dedicated to problems that are commonly found in the various mathematics Olympiads and competitions that are held for grade 7 to 12 students in Canada and the US each year.

Regardless of whether your child is excelling at math or not, they will certainly be able to benefit from the content that has been made available on CanadaMath.

With Winter Weather Almost Here – Get your Motivation Back on Track with these Tips

students studying winter time

As daylight savings time draws to an end, it’s a sure sign that shorter days and much colder weather will follow. This often means that even the most dedicated of medical students will find themselves having difficulty focusing on their studies. As a matter of fact, up to 20% of the population experiences varying degrees of depression during the winter months.

The good news is that there are some steps you can take to help keep yourself as motivated as possible to keep up with your studies at this time of the year.

Sunshine is Essential

As a medical student, you’ll often feel as though all you’re doing is studying and trying to find gaps in between to eat and get some rest – meaning that spending some time outside may not seem like a high priority on your list of to dos.

While studies have revealed that the majority of individuals cannot obtain their daily Vitamin D from sunshine during winter, this doesn’t mean that you should abandon all attempts to go outside at this time of the year. Even spending 15 to 30 minutes outdoors when it’s overcast can be highly beneficial for your mental and physical health in winter.

Invest in a Light Box

During winter, many individuals experience a condition known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) that can cause mild to severe depression. Even if you don’t suffer from this condition, it can be extremely challenging to get anything done when it gets dark and cold a lot earlier than usual.

A good light box is designed to mimic natural sunshine by emitting a bright, warm light in the room it’s being used in. If you decide to use one of these, it’s recommended to do so before 10 am for approximately an hour each day.

Examine your Diet

Eating enough of the correct foods as a student can be challenging, but it’s important to ensure that you’re consuming a diet that’s as balanced as possible while studying.

Consider including foods in your diet that provide energy, help reduce inflammation and give your brain the boost it needs to remember everything you’re learning about. Options that fit this description include wholegrain foods, fruit, vegetables, homemade popcorn and starches and carbohydrates in moderation. Energy drinks and sugary snacks to be kept to a minimum, as these provide little to no nutritional value for your body.

Keep your Studies Simple

Colder weather usually makes it far less appealing to go out and join a physical study group. However, thanks to the CanadaQBank platform, you’ll be able to get in as much study time as you need without having to venture out into the cold.

Remaining motivated to study when the days are shorter and darker can seem impossible at times, but keeping the above-mentioned tips in mind can help ensure that you get in enough learning time – to the point where you’ll be able to pass your medical licensing exams with ease.