Highest Paid Doctors in Canada

So you want to be a doctor in Canada? Here is what you need to know about the highest-paid doctors in Canada.

The first thing you need to know is that there is no one “highest paid doctor” in Canada. Physicians’ salaries vary depending on their specialty, and there are many different specialties in medicine.

That said, some specialties tend to be more highly compensated than others. In this article, we will discuss the highest paid medical specialties in Canada, as well as the factors that affect their salaries. We will also take a look at the average salary for each specialty.

So, if you are thinking of becoming a doctor in Canada, read on! We have everything you need to know about the highest paid doctors in the country.

Overview of Doctors’ Salaries in Canada

In Canada, doctors’ salaries are determined by their specialty, years of experience, and province.

The average base salary for a family doctor is around $236,000. However, this varies depending on the province. For example, doctors in Ontario earn an average of $269,000, while those in Quebec earn an average of $196,000.

Doctors’ salaries also vary depending on their years of experience. A family doctor with less than five years of experience earns an average of $211,000, while one with more than 20 years of experience earns an average of $302,000.

Specialties such as ophthalmology, cardiothoracic surgery, neurosurgery, and urology are the highest earning specialties in Canada. They make an average salary of $423,000, $489,000, $521,000, and $517,000, respectively.

Average Base Salaries of Canadian Doctors

On average, Canadian doctors earn a base salary of $270,000.

This is just a starting salary, however, and many doctors earn much more than this. Factors that affect a doctor’s income include years of experience, type of practice, and location.

Factors Affecting Doctor Salaries

There are some factors that affect a doctor’s salary.


The most obvious factor is the specialty. Some specialties, such as ophthalmology and cardiothoracic surgery, pay more than others.


Location is also a factor. Doctors in major metropolitan areas typically earn more than those in rural areas.


Experience is another important factor. New doctors typically earn less than those who have been practicing for many years.


Education level is also a consideration. Doctors who have completed a specialty training program earn more than those with only a basic medical degree.

There are a number of other factors that can affect a doctor’s salary, including gender, age, and hours worked. Using a resource like CanadaQBank, can help you pass your exams with ease.

Compensation packages of Doctors in Canada

The compensation package of doctors in Canada includes a breakdown of all the benefits they can get.  This is the base salary, gross income, and other benefits.

Here are some of the benefits:

  • Health insurance
  • Bonuses
  • Pension
  • Sick leave

It is important to note that basing your choice of specialties on salary alone, even though it is important, is not the best move. Medicine is tasking, mentally and physically. It is always best to choose a specialty that speaks to you.

Highest Paying Medical Specialties in Canada

When it comes to medical specialties, some have the potential to be more lucrative than others. Ophthalmology, cardiothoracic surgery, neurosurgery, and urology are amongst the highest paying specialties in Canada. These doctors can make a lot of money, considering that they provide services that are highly sought after. On average, these doctors can make anywhere between $100,000 to $400,000 annually with bonuses and other incentives. Gynecology is also high on the list, as physicians in this specialty can easily earn up to $225,000 annually. Specialists in other branches of medicine, such as dermatology and orthopedic surgery also have the potential to command higher salaries due to the demand for their services.

Ophthalmology Medicine

Ophthalmology is one of the most highly-paid medical specialties in Canada. Ophthalmologists study and provide medical treatments for diseases of the eyes and corrective vision and diagnose vision problems. Their average salary in Canada ranges from $260,000 to $310,000 depending on their experience, area of practice, and their level of research involvement. Ophthalmologists also receive additional income from procedures they perform as private practitioners or from writing prescriptions or performing laser eye surgeries. In addition to their base salaries, many ophthalmologists also earn bonuses for certain tasks, such as providing consultations or attending seminars and training courses.

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Cardiothoracic surgery is one of the highest-paying medical specialties in Canada. On average, Cardiothoracic surgeons make an annual salary of around $400,000 Canadian dollars (CAD), while experienced surgeons can earn up to $600,000 CAD. Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on the organs in the chest cavity, such as the heart and lungs, and perform heart transplants, lung transplants, and thoracotomies. The job requires a high level of skill and knowledge, as well as long hours in surgery and recovery rooms. Despite the challenging nature of the profession, Cardiothoracic surgeons are well compensated for their hard work and dedication.

Urology, Neurosurgery, and Gynecology

If you are interested in knowing the top paying specialties in Canada, you must pay attention to Urology, Neurosurgery, and Gynecology. These three specialties make up the majority of surgeons’ income and are generally the highest paying specialties. Urologists earned over $600,000 on average in 2019-2020, with a base salary of $71,405 and a gross income of $539,574 per year. Neurosurgeons have the second-highest earning potential in Canada, with a base salary of $80,395 and a gross income of $631,122. Gynecologists come in third with an average base salary of $80,305 and a gross income of $605,475 per year.


In conclusion, the highest paid doctors in Canada are found in a variety of specialties, with some earning more than others. There are many factors that contribute to a doctor’s salary, such as years of experience, area of specialization, and more. However, Canada’s doctors are still well compensated for their work, with a high net income.

Ready to start your journey to becoming a doctor in Canada?

The road to become a medical doctor is littered with several exams, such as the MCCQE. So, let CanadaQBank help you make your journey easier. Take advantage of our question bank and come out in flying colours.